Garfield High School Goes to War » Japanese Americans: Executive Order 9066

Japanese Americans: Executive Order 9066

Currently we are still working on this page.  Some research has been done, but we still have a long way to go. Below is an excel spreadsheet with our early work from two years ago.  Our student research couldn't continue because of other duties to the library.  A new student research team for the school year 2018-2019 will be assigned to continue this project.
 
We will be gathering all the names and photographs of Garfield's Japanese-American students between 1925 and 1963 and trying to put together as much information as we can on each.
 
As we continue, we will also be adding links to some of the best websites on this project. 

 

Executive Order 9066

 

Executive Order 9066 (History Matters) 

Executive Order 9066 (Britannica)

Japanese Relocation During WWII (National Archives)

A Brief History of the Japanese American Relocation During World War II (National Park Service)

Japanese American Relocation Digital Archives (Calisphere, University of California)

The Incarceration of Japanese Americans During WWII (Atomic Heritage Foundation)

Acces to Archival Databases (The National Archives)

 

 

Where They Were Imprisoned

 There were ten sites in which the Japanese Americans were imprisoned:

  • Manzanar: Near Lone Pine, California on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevadas.
  • Tule Lake: North eastern California near the Oregon border.
  • Poston: Located in Arizona next to the Colorado River, near Parker Dam
  • Gila River: Located on the Gila River Indian Reservation
  • Topaz: Near Antelope Springs, Utah
  • Minidoka: Near Twin Falls, Idaho
  • Heart Mountain: Located in Wyoming, just north of Yellowstone National Park
  • Amache: Located near the southeastern corner of Colorado
  • Rohwer: Located in rural Desha County, southeastern part of Arkansas
  • Jerome: Near the town of Jerome in the Arkansas delta

 

 

Dr. James Goto

In 1925 the Goto family moved to Montebello and James Goto went to Garfield High School, from which he graduated with the Winter Class of 1929. At Garfield, he was President of the Achievement Club, in C.S.F., Captain of the Tennis Team, in the Debating Club, and in the Shakespearean Oratorical Contest.  Jim Goto went to the University of California at Los Angeles from 1929 to 1932 and then attended USC's medical school from 1932 to 1937. He entered Los Angeles General Hospital where on the entry examination, despite facing racial discrimination, he finished and ranked number one among the 150 medical applicants.  He would later become the chief surgeon at Los Angeles General Hospital for ten years.  Unfortunately, during the war years, he was forcibly sent to Manzanar, one of the relocation camps that the U.S. government had set up for Americans of Japanese ancestry.  There he would serve as medical director between 1942 and 1945.

 

Take a field trip to Manzanar as it is today -- a national historic site and explore (walk and drive) its vast area, explore its visitor center that contains over 8000 square feet of exhibits, a bookstore and theaters.  It's only a 4 to 5 hour drive from East Los Angeles.  It is a sad reminder of what America did.  Be careful, during the summer temperatures can exceed 100 degrees.